EPA Set to Issue Legal "Justification" for CA Waiver Denial 3

Posted by Warming Law Thu, 28 Feb 2008 22:23:00 GMT

Reporting yesterday on this week’s developments in the California clean cars saga, the Wall Street Journal’s Stephen Power revealed that "the EPA is expected to fire back this week by publishing data and research to support Mr. Johnson’s decision." Today’s Philadelphia Inquirer confirmed that such a document should "be released by tomorrow" via Johnson’s response to grilling on the waiver decision during a Senate hearing on EPA’s budget. (Regular readers may recall that his December announcement of the waiver denial was notably brief, resulting in much speculation since as to whether Johnson had fully determined his legal rationale before he made his mind up.)

We’ve been anticipating EPA’s belated justification, which is expected to be placed in the Federal Register, for some time now—both in terms of Johnson’s public promises and as a legal strategy in fighting California’s lawsuit. In a move that is probably not coincidental, EPA filed a motion last week asking the 9th Circuit to dismiss the existing case. Warming Law is still working to obtain EPA’s motion, but we’ve written previously on both its likely rationale, and on the unprecedented legal argument that Johnson will likely make to claim his actions can be justified under the Clean Air Act.

If Johnson goes this route, the legal effect would be one of giving the Administrator’s judgment extremely strong deference under Section 209 of the Clean Air Act. He would be interpreting the law in a way that his staff told him is legally impossible even if they accepted the auto industry’s criteria for judging waiver requests, and doing so based on the arguments that he:

1) Is legally empowered to break with agency precedent regarding what constitutes "compelling and extraordinary" conditions—instead adopting the "exclusive and unique" argument that Tuesday’s document release shows was first advanced in March 2006 by Bill Wehrum, a political appointee with prior ties to the auto industry (Wehrum has since left the EPA, and was recently spotted testifying in favor of a pair of coal-fired plants that Kansas regulators shot down last year based on global warming concerns).

Former EPA Administrator William Riley, who served under President Bush’s father, highlighted the historic scope of Johnson’s actions when he revealed yesterday that he was the receipient of impassioned talking points that agency staff prepared for him to press with Johnson. In his conversations with Johnson, Reilly focused on the argument that legal text, congressional intent and longstanding precedent all point to extreme deference for California’s wishes, and noted that the administrator need not agree with the state in order to let it move forward (emphasis added):

[In a telephone interview, Reilly told the Times] he emphasized that when he was the administrator, he approved nine requests from California, even one that he thought would not work, electric cars, but that he thought federal law required him to let the state try.

2) Also is empowered to declare climate change an intrinsically global problem that California need not employ its own standards for. This rationale, of course, stands in contrast to the thrust of the Supreme Court’s decision in Massachusetts v. EPA, and would also need to discount the state’s strong evidence that it is exceptionally vulnerable to global warming’s impact.

The Inquirer also reported that Johnson’s also gave generally evasive responses yesterday to questions from Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) and Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), regarding both his legal rationale and possible White House influence—with regards to the latter, Johnson claimed that the White House is still reviewing email communications and other documents that Boxer has yet to receive (and placed under a subpoena threat). Regarding the legal advice of his staff and Reilly, he reiterated that he has always sought out diverse opinions but the waiver decision was ultimately his alone to make.

Senator Whitehouse, for his part, later angrily compared Johnson’s testimony to that given by former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales during last year’s hearings on the dismissal of U.S. attorneys.

Trackbacks

This article's trackback address

Comments

Leave a response

  1. chenyingying Thu, 12 Apr 2018 01:35:55 GMT
    nike blazer coach outlet christian louboutin asics coach outlet herve leger dresses true religion outlet nike shoes coach wallets christian louboutin adidas shoes true religion sale jordan shoes nike air max plus jimmy choo outlet ralph lauren nike shox adidas slides dior handbags oakley sunglasses jordans christian louboutin cheap jerseys adidas shoes michael kors outlet adidas superstar nike cortez air jordan pas cher jordan coach outlet air max beats headphones oakley sunglasses nike air max 2017 hermes outlet hermes kate spade outlet timberland nike air max 95 mont blanc nike air max mlb jerseys mizuno oakley sunglasses links of london true religion jeans lebron 15 hermes kelly bag coach outlet converse outlet supreme true religion outlet coach outlet online adidas flip flops bvlgari jewelry ferragamo hockey jerseys valentino coach factory outlet ralph lauren outlet polo ralph tod’s shoes jordans adidas yeezy pandora charms louis vuitton nike air max 270 pandora jewelry baseball jerseys louis vuitton handbags ray ban sunglasses alexander mcqueen kate spade outlet stussy clothing jordans jordan 5 adidas outlet louis vuitton cheap jordans ralph lauren outlet mbt coach factory outlet swarovski crystal hermes belt cheap oakley sunglasses cartier bracelet michael kors outlet online replica rolex watches ralph lauren louis vuitton nike shoes for women ray ban sunglasses nike presto flip flops michael kors coach factory outlet louis vuitton outlet manolo blahnik shoes prada outlet burberry scarves nike huarache shoes cheap ray ban sunglasses stephen curry shoes ray bans nike flip-flops blackhawks jersey red bottom shoes louis vuitton nike mercurial nike air force 1 tory burch outlet swarovski jewelry louis vuitton nike free timberland boots nike air max 97 prada outlet nike outlet true religion jeans jordan 6 bottega ray ban sunglasses adidas stan smith adidas wings prada oakley polo shirts toms shoes harden vol 1 cheap nhl jerseys nike air max 1 new balance timberland outlet mont blanc pens miu miu handbags fitflops bcbg burberry outlet mlb jerseys adidas football boots jordans oakley sunglasses mcm backpack michael kors handbags nike shoes nike shoes mont blanc pens coach handbags christian louboutin flops polo ralph lauren nike air red bottom shoes nike outlet online ray ban sunglasses cheap nfl jerseys ralph lauren air jordan louis vuitton louis vuitton louboutin michaelkors outlet nike outlet store swarovski nike free pandora jewelry birkenstock outlet michael kors uk michael kors outlet nike revolution coach outlet jordan 1 dolce and gabbana fitflops jordans barcelona jersey coach outlet nike air huarache louboutin tory burch ray ban discount nike jordan 12 michael kors handbags ferragamo givenchy handbags michael kors polo ralph rolex watches ralph lauren flip flops toms outlet coach factory outlet nike huarache nike air max kate spade outlet roshe run coach outlet oakley sunglasses cheap longchamp air jordans coach factory outlet nike free shoe carnival pandora jewelry nike outlet mishka clothing michael kors outlet nike air max supreme clothing kevin durant shoes mac cosmetics hermes bags louis vuitton handbags ray ban sunglasses soccer jerseys oakley sunglasses cheap mlb jerseys belstaff outlet tommy hilfiger canada birkenstock giuseppe zanotti michael kors tory burch outlet coach outlet mbt jordan 3 nike sb coach outlet nike air max 2018 louis vuitton handbags michael jordan shoes nike air max celine salvatore ferragamo cheap jerseys christian louboutin nike tn adidas stan smith shoes oakley vault birkenstock sandals nike kyrie 3 polo ralph lauren supreme adidas yeezy nfl jerseys louboutin yeezy shoes pandora outlet louis vuitton outlet michael kors handbags rolex watches air max michael kors nike trainers manchester united jersey ralph lauren supreme adidas prada flip flops new balance shoes ralph lauren michael kors outlet michael kors outlet nike factory outlet nike dunks coach outlet online juicy couture outlet vans outlet nike outlet louis vuitton marc jacobs kate spade outlet van cleef & arpels jewelry sac longchamp oakley sunglasses kate spade handbags nike air max 90 burberry outlet burberry outlet nfl jerseys jordan shoes nfl jerseys cheap jerseys nike tennis asics supra shoes running shoes nike roshe longchamp outlet michael kors outlet jordan shoes air jordan coach outlet timberland pandora charms gucci outlet jordan 11 under armour nike air force 1 basketball shoes baseball bats michael kors jordan shoes louis vuitton outlet pandora jewelry ray ban michael kors outlet undefeated clothing polo ralph lauren coach bags ray ban kate spade outlet mulberry handbags pandora jewelry timberland ray bans jordan xx9 christian louboutin louis vuitton outlet fitflops michael kors outlet coach outlet online ray ban sunglasses balenciaga nike air max true religion nba jerseys stuart weitzman jordan adidas jeremy scott dansko nike factory store wedding shoes burberry sale louis vuitton outlet nike lunarglide michael kors vibram fivefingers ralph lauren nike store pandora charms louis vuitton outlet jordan ray ban outlet louis vuitton outlet cheap rolex watches polo outlet tory burch nike free longchamp jordan 4 fingerlings monkey louboutin oakley sunglasses coach outlet ralph lauren vans shoes wholesale snapback hats kobe 11 adidas ray ban sunglasses nike blazer oakley sunglasses longchamp polo outlet converse jordan 8 louboutin michael kors outlet online light up shoes supreme new york coach outlet store online longchamp outlet converse shoes replica watches chenyingying20180412
  2. yaoxuemei Sat, 14 Apr 2018 00:51:24 GMT
    michael kors outlet clearance ray ban sunglasses canada goose jackets coach outlet online mulberry bags canada goose outlet coach outlet longchamp outlet cheap ray ban sunglasses michael kors outlet nike shoes on sale ugg outlet christian louboutin outlet pandora jewelry ralph lauren uk coach factory outlet pandora charms sale clearance pandora outlet polo outlet cheap nfl jerseys fitflops clearance coach factory outlet michael kors outlet online ray ban sunglasses ralph lauren outlet pandora outlet canada goose jackets pandora charms canada goose jackets coach outlet mcm outlet giuseppe zanotti shoes clarks outlet uggs outlet ugg boots clearance true religion outlet ralph lauren outlet michael kors handbags polo outlet pandora kate spade outlet store pandora jewelry sale kate spade outlet store michael kors handbags michael kors outlet clearance christian louboutin shoes christian louboutin outlet fred perry clothing michael kors outlet online canada goose outlet canada goose jackets christian louboutin shoes michael kors outlet online adidas shoes louis vuitton oakley sunglasses wholesale coach outlet tory burch outlet online canada goose outlet store pandora outlet ray ban outlet cheap oakley sunglasses michael kors nfl jerseys wholesale supreme t shirts cheap nfl jerseys nike outlet store cheap jordan shoes pandora outlet cheap ray ban sunglasses coach outlet online polo ralph lauren coach outlet coach factory outlet michael kors handbags mbt shoes michael kors outlet coach outlet coach outlet pandora oakley sunglasses kate spade handbags ray ban outlet uggs outlet asics running shoes coach outlet online canada goose uk canada goose outlet nike air ma 90 canada goose outlet kate spade sale pandora charms rolex watches ugg boots moncler coats kate spade handbags ralph lauren polo michael kors outlet cheap ray ban ralph lauren shirts lacoste shoes coach outlet michael kors handbags coach outlet pandora outlet tory burch shoes pandora charms adidas nmd canada goose jackets michael kors outlet michael kors handbags clearance cheap jerseys polo ralph lauren outlet ugg outlet jordan retro canada goose moncler outlet nfl jerseys yeezy boost 350 pandora jewelry michael kors outlet pandora outlet nike factory outlet true religion outlet coach outlet online coach factory outlet prada outlet store uggs outlet birkenstock shoes coach outlet kate spade handbags nfl jerseys pandora outlet air jordan shoes coach factory outlet true religion jeans canada goose outlet online mont blanc pens ralph lauren outlet pandora jewelry coach outlet coach outlet ugg outlet coach outlet ralph lauren canada goose outlet store ralph lauren uk ugg boots michael kors outlet clearance fred perry polo oakley sunglasses wholesale polo ralph lauren outlet online mulberry handbags canada goose jackets canada pandora louis vuitton outlet store pandora outlet ugg boots pandora charms outlet coach outlet store online kate spade outlet online adidas nmd shoes michael kors outlet clearance kate spade canada goose true religion jeans pandora jewelry adidas nmd coach outlet store online ray bans gucci outlet canada goose outlet store pandora outlet michael kors outlet pandora jewelry pandora charms mbt shoes nfl jerseys moncler jackets canada goose outlet ray ban sunglasses outlet christian louboutin shoes coach outlet online valentino shoes cheap jordans oakley sunglasses coach factory outlet online nike outlet canada goose outlet store uggs outlet michael kors outlet online oakley sunglasses for men pandora outlet adidas nmd r2 ralph lauren polo pandora charms canada goose outlet store michael kors outlet online pandora rings air jordan shoes michael kors outlet clearance yaoxuemei20180414
  3. chenlili Wed, 23 May 2018 03:57:04 GMT
    canada goose jackets nike air max polo outlet adidas superstar shoes cheap nfl jerseys nike outlet cheap jordans valentino outlet coach outlet michael kors outlet polo outlet air jordan shoes oakley sunglasses polo outlet moncler outlet pandora outlet adidas nmd pandora outlet michael kors outlet polo ralph lauren mont blanc pens cheap jordans pandora jewelry mbt shoes canada goose outlet coach factory outlet michael kors outlet air max 2017 mont blanc pens michael kors outlet ray ban sunglasse canada goose outlet michael kors outlet canada goose outlet pandora jewelry cheap nfl jerseys pandora charms ferragamo outlet oakley sunglasses michael kors outlet nfl jerseys ray ban sunglasses christian louboutin outlet air jordan retro rolex watches oakley sunglasses ferragamo shoes christian louboutin shoes moncler outlet coach outlet uggs outlet ralph lauren shirts christian louboutin outlet coach outlet pandora jewelry oakley sunglasses wholesale nike kyrie 3 michael kors outlet canada goose outlet tory burch outlet louboutin shoes cheap nfl jerseys michael kors outlet canada goose outlet coach outlet ugg outlet birkenstock shoes polo outlet christian louboutin outlet supreme outlet coach outlet coach outlet michael kors outlet cheap nfl jerseys mcm outlet mulberry handbags pandora jewelry tory burch outlet christian louboutin outlet kobe bryant shoes air max 90 polo ralph lauren nike outlet michael kors outlet clearance pandora charms true religion jeans coach outlet coach outlet pandora outlet kate spade outlet pandora jewelry outlet birkenstock outlet canada goose outlet michael kors outlet hermes belts coach outlet mlb jerseys michael kors outlet polo ralph lauren red bottom shoes moncler outlet true religion jeans pandora outlet ugg outlet mlb jerseys wholesale coach outlet pandora outlet manolo blahnik outlet coach outlet online air max 90 canada goose outlet ralph lauren outlet fred perry polo shirts uggs canada pandora outlet pandora charms ray ban sunglasses mont blanc pens pandora charms nfl jerseys wholesale nike trainers michael kors outlet ralph lauren outlet adidas nmd shoes ray ban sunglasse lacoste outlet pandora charms kate spade outlet polo ralph lauren pandora charms ugg outlet nfl jerseys michael kors outlet fitflops sale clearance canada goose jackets coach outlet mulberry handbags ralph lauren outlet coach outlet kate spade outlet polo ralph lauren adidas outlet ralph lauren sale clearance michael kors handbags cheap jordans coach factory outlet coach factory outlet coach outlet pandora jewelry coach outlet nhl jerseys coach outlet online longchamp handbags coach outlet online coach outlet canada goose outlet christian louboutin outlet yeezy boost canada goose jackets coach outlet air jordan 4 michael kors outlet michael kors official site pandora jewelry michael kors handbags coach outlet ralph lauren polo true religion outlet polo ralph lauren michael kors outlet giuseppe zanotti outlet pandora jewelry polo ralph lauren ralph lauren shirts polo outlet coach outlet adidas yeezy shoes ray ban sunglasses coach factory outlet michael kors outlet coach outlet michael kors handbags mulberry handbags michael kors handbags canada goose jackets michael kors outlet adidas shoes coach outlet coach factory outlet pandora jewelry coach outlet michael kors outlet ugg boots fitflops sale clearance michael kors handbags kate spade outlet true religion jeans oakley sunglasses fitflops sale clearance nike shoes coach outlet online oakley sunglasses kate spade outlet nike shoes cheap mlb jerseys michael kors outlet kate spade outlet prada outlet nfl jerseys coach outlet converse ray ban sunglasses uggs canada ray ban sunglasses canada goose outlet cheap jordans nba jersey nike shoes pandora outlet gucci outlet christian louboutin shoes nike outlet canada goose jackets ray ban sunglasse mbt shoes polo ralph lauren pas cher nike outlet pandora outlet coach outlet coach outlet ray ban sunglasses mulberry handbags oakley sunglasses wholesale michael kors uk louis vuitton outlet coach factory outlet canada goose jackets christian louboutin outlet ralph lauren outlet cheap nfl jerseys ralph lauren outlet lebron james shoes adidas outlet michael kors outlet canada goose outlet fitflops sale clearance oakley sunglasses wholesale uggs outlet fred perry polo shirts mbt shoes polo ralph lauren michael kors outlet nike shoes outlet fred perry polo polo ralph lauren polo ralph lauren yeezy boost 350 oakley sunglasses true religion outlet ed hardy clothing polo outlet canada goose outlet coach outlet true religion outlet store puma outlet coach outlet adidas yeezy true religion jeans michael kors outlet ugg outlet michael kors outlet true religion jeans coach factory outlet supreme uk pandora outlet pandora outlet coach outlet ralph lauren polo shirts canada goose jackets cheap ray bans sunglasses michael kors outlet ugg outlet nfl jerseys kate spade outlet ray ban outlet prada handbags canada goose outlet nhl jerseys cheap nfl jerseys clarks shoes polo ralph lauren coach outlet online fred perry outlet polo ralph lauren ed hardy nfl jerseys wholesale valentino outlet giuseppe zanotti outlet nfl jerseys wholesale true religion outlet cheap oakley sunglasses kate spade outlet christian louboutin outlet coach outlet online kate spade outlet prada outlet canada goose outlet lunette ray ban rolex watches nfl jerseys cheap jerseys ray ban sunglasse adidas yeezy coach outlet michael kors outlet oakley sunglasses kate spade handbags ugg outlet ralph lauren polo vibram fivefingers michael kors outlet pandora outlet gucci outlet pandora outlet michael kors outlet nike huarache uggs outlet michael kors outlet adidas outlet polo outlet kate spade outlet coach outlet coach outlet canada nike outlet canada goose outlet asics running shoes ugg boots ultra boost michael kors outlet christian louboutin michael kors outlet polo shirts oakley sunglasses wholesale louis vuitton coach outlet mcm handbags pandora outlet longchamp outlet michael kors outlet coach outlet ugg boots christian louboutin outlet canada goose jackets true religion outlet ray ban sunglasses polo outlet ugg outlet coach outlet store online coach outlet nfl jerseys wholesale michael kors outlet mont blanc pens coach factory outlet ugg boots cheap nfl jerseys coach outlet online cheap snapbacks yeezy boost tory burch outlet michael kors outlet pandora charm adidas nmd adidas nmd true religion outlet ugg boots ugg outlet canada goose outlet pandora charms sale clearance ralph lauren uk coach outlet michael kors outlet moncler jackets mbt shoes coach outlet superdry clothing tory burch outlet off white clothing michael kors outlet clearance polo ralph lauren pandora charms nfl jerseys wholesale polo ralph lauren uggs outlet coach outlet christian louboutin outlet michael kors outlet coach outlet hermes birkin pandora jewelry canada goose jackets polo ralph lauren nike outlet michael kors outlet clearance kate spade outlet pandora outlet ugg boots canada goose outlet michael kors outlet pandora charms canada goose outlet mbt shoes coach outlet michael kors outlet moncler jackets kate spade outlet pandora charms longchamp outlet pandora charms polo ralph lauren chenlili20180523
Comments